Houseplants are completely established on the conditions in their containers. Soil, drainage, mild exposure, and diet has to be adjusted to their needs, or they won't survive. Of all these factors, the soil may additionally be the most overlooked. It's easy to assume that as long as you start your houseplant off right, it has to proceed to grow just fine. Unfortunately, it truly is no longer the case.
As potted plants develop full and leafy, their roots are additionally expanding. These roots tend to smash down the soil in the pot, as they expand. Roots then displace the soil and ruin down the soil nutrients to absorb them.
The 2nd hassle is that the roots will go searching for more room to make bigger and will begin to wind themselves around in circles, girdling themselves in the process. This is what is intended by way of the time period "pot bound". Plant roots should develop down and outward from the bottom of the plant, not wrap themselves in a circle.
Sooner or later each and every healthy, growing houseplant is going to outgrow its pot, and to avoid the plant becoming pot bound, there are countless symptoms to watch for to hold your plants healthy. When a plant gets too massive for its pot and the roots circle around the interior of the pot, the plant's boom will become restricted. If your plant life appears to dry out greater quickly than it used to, but are in any other case healthy, they are in all likelihood pot bound. There are simply too many roots in the pot and not adequate soil is left to maintain and distribute water. Other indications of a pot-bound plant include roots developing out of the pot's backside drainage hole, as nicely as water that pools on the soil's surface. Roots that encircle the pot stop the absorption of water. Leaf drop, failure to thrive, and lack of new increase are additional symptoms that it is time to repot your plant.
How to Re-pot a Houseplant
Fortunately, this is a handy hassle to fix. Re-pot your houseplant into a pot two inches large in diameter than the original pot. This will supply your plant's roots room to stretch out. Replace the old soil with a fresh, nutrient-rich potting mix excellent for the plant. Succulents prefer special soil to pothos, for instance. Only extend the size of the container to a size or two larger.
It may also seem counter-intuitive, however, going too much large will cause a specific set of problems. To a lot of extra soil will allow water to collect, alternatively, then drain and that can end result in the roots sitting in damp conditions, which may additionally cause the roots to start to rot.
What if You Don't Have Room for a Larger Container?
Sometimes you don't have room for a container and the resulting larger plant. If that's the case, you can maintain the plant's size by pruning back the top and the roots by about a third. Then you can re-pot, with some fresh potting mix, in the same pot. This will stress the plant in the short term, but it should recover quickly. Be sure to keep it well watered and out of direct light, until you see new growth. That's a sign that it has adjusted and all is well.
Add Slow Release Fertilizer
While you are freshening the soil with some new potting mix, this is also a true time to add slow launch fertilizer. Because houseplants are grown in potting mix, they are no longer getting any vitamin from the soil. Houseplants want to be fed each and every 2 to four weeks, at some stage in the growing season. Adding sluggish release fertilizer will make positive your newly replanted houseplant will get the burst of vitamin is needs as it acclimates to its new pot.